Passive Income Vs Portfolio Income Debate – Key Things You Must Know!
A massive debate exists between the best source of income among active, passive, and portfolio incomes. Most people have an active source of employment or business which is usually their primary source of income. However, to achieve wealth, just relying on active income won’t work. Passive Income is currently the most hyped word by financial stalwarts like Warren Buffet advocating in favor of it. Along with passive income, there exists another type of income called Portfolio Income, which is generally similar to passive income but doesn’t require initial time efforts. Thus, the question arises as to which is the best between ‘Portfolio Income’ and ‘Passive Income’ to achieve financial freedom. In this article, we aim to dissect portfolio income and passive income in detail, and which one fares better than the other.
What is Portfolio Income
A portfolio income is an income earned through interests, dividends, and capital gains in a portfolio of investments. Commonly, portfolio income avenues are merged into passive investing options. But the slight difference that exists in portfolio income is that the investor need not put in any initial efforts of the time. Investing in stocks, ETFs, Mutual Funds of dividend-paying companies can be a great stream of portfolio income.
The striking feature of portfolio income is that portfolio investment options are easily accessible to all kinds of investors and offer equal opportunities for all. Moreover, with the rise of investment management companies, people having little knowledge of the stock market and other portfolio income avenues can outsource stock selection to experts.
Sources of Portfolio Income
The Stock Market is a great way of earning portfolio income through dividends and capital gains. A diversified stock portfolio can earn you better returns.
- Mutual Funds
Mutual Funds offer a wide range of open-ended and close-ended options to invest in a variety of assets like stocks, debt, money market, and so on.
- Exchange-Traded Funds
Exchange-traded funds are mutual funds that track an existing index like Sensex or Nifty or any other index to earn returns mimicking that of the underlying index.
Government Bonds, RBI bonds, or Corporate bonds act as a portfolio source of income and the coupon interest serves as portfolio income.
Real Estate Investment Trusts are a great source of earning minimum dividends of 90% and above. REIT Companies invest in profitable rent-yielding properties and pass the returns to the shareholders.
- Peer-to-peer lending
Peer-to-peer lending generates interest income that can be a good source of earning.
As we took a deeper look at portfolio income, certain sources might resemble passive income sources. Most people refer to portfolio income as passive income and there is a very slight difference between them. Let’s find out passive income in detail.
What is Passive Income
Passive income is earned through any activity which may require an initial investment of time and money for the creation of sustainable long-term passive cash flows. Long-term passive income can be earned through Rental properties, Real Estate Crowdfunding, Youtube/Blog income, and so on.
Passive income is essential in building alternate streams of income that can help in building wealth for the long term. Sometimes, passive income may not be completely passive, as it may demand the attention of investors for the initial setup and maintenance.
Sources of Passive Income
- Real Estate Rental Properties
Real estate properties generate passive cash flows through rental yields. The landlord needs to manage the tenants and maintenance of the property or he can outsource it to the property managers. Real estate property is one of the best sources of earning regular rent as well as capital appreciation over the long term with an average of 12 to 15% returns per annum.
- Real Estate Crowdfunding
Real estate crowdfunding offers passive cash flows at regular intervals in the form of interest payments from the developer of the project.
- Youtube / Blog Income
In today’s times, the pandemic has given rise to many youtube celebrities and bloggers with passive income through such mediums as their greatest wealth.
- Affiliate Marketing
Affiliate marketing involves promoting third-party products on our websites and channels and earning a percentage share of the product price. Affiliate marketing requires initial effort in growing a trustworthy audience.
Understanding both passive and portfolio income in depth gives us more clarity about the investment options available in the market. Here is a short comparison between them:
Portfolio Vs. Passive Debate
Capital investment is required to invest in qualified portfolio stocks.
Capital investment along with time and skills are required to set up a passive source of income.
The returns or income from portfolio sources are in the form of
The returns from passive sources are in the form of
A) Interest & Dividends – Taxed under Income from Other Sources at normal slab rates
B) Capital Gains – Taxed under Capital Gains Section with special rates
All kinds of passive income are taxed as per normal slab rates and can fall under different heads like Income from House Property, Profits, and Gains from Business, and Income from Other Sources.
Portfolio Income and Passive Income both are great sources of investment to build long-term wealth. The only differentiating factor is whether an investor can put initial time and patience to build a sustainable passive source of income. So, the following is the quick guide for your suitability of the best source of income for you
The Best Option For You –
Best Investment – Portfolio Income Sources
Team A – Less Time, Low Additional Skills
You fit into this team if your active job consumes a lot of your time and you don’t have any additional skill set other than your job which is required to create passive income sources.
Best Investment – Passive Income Sources
Team B – More Time, More Additional Skills
You fit into this team if your inherent skills and talent can fetch you passive earning opportunities. You can be great at managing properties or building passive businesses.
One can always invest in a combination of portfolio and passive income for faster compounding of wealth and achieving financial freedom early. Thus, investors need to carefully plan their investment strategies before diving into any option.
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Portfolio Income Vs Passive Income FAQ's:
Yes, some analysts and financial advisors regard portfolio income as passive income due to no major difference between them.
The three ways you can earn portfolio income is through –
- Capital Gains
Some of the popular sources of passive income are real estate rental properties, real estate crowdfunding, passive business income, youtube/blog income, royalties and so on.
The three ways you can earn portfolio income is through –
- Capital Gains
Real estate is one of the best sources of passive income in 2021 with great market conditions for real estate investments.