Interesting facts on Bangalore demography


Bangalore, the capital city of Karnataka is a city bustling with traffic and IT professionals. Due to its rich IT sector and IT professionals, Bangalore is referred to as the Silicon Valley of India. Bangalore is a highly populated megacity and is located at an elevation of 900 m or 3000 ft. on the Deccan Plateau and is the city set on the highest altitude. Wipro, ISRO, Infosys, and HAL are some of the big companies having their investments in Bangalore. This article will provide you with some interesting facts on Bangalore’s demography, population, literacy rate, and religious ratio.

Bangalore Population 

The capital city of Karnataka is the third most populated city in India according to the reports of the UN World population prospect, which estimated the population of Bangalore in the year 2021 as 12.7 Million. Bangalore was initially the capital city of Mysore State unless Karnataka was formed in 1956. But, the population of Bangalore in 2023 is 18,065,540.

It is interesting to note that the population of the local Kannadigas in Bangalore is less than 41%. Bangalore is a cosmopolitan city that is home to 25% Tamilians, 14% Telugites, 10% Keralites, 8% Europeans, and 6% a mixture of all races. Bangalore demography is something that signifies its shared history of linguistic essences.

One of the major factors contributing to this mixed population is that Bangalore homes some of the world’s major IT corporations. With the increased employment opportunities generated by these corporations, people from different parts of India, migrate to Bangalore for better job opportunities and better standards of living. Bangalore is also referred to as the start-up capital of India and thus attracts innovative businessmen as well.



Population Density of Bangalore

Bangalore at present is home to 12 million and has an area of 709 sq. km, therefore the population density of Bangalore is 16,925 people per square kilometer. The urban agglomeration of Bangalore includes the Bruhat Bangalore (Municipal Corporation), the Suggatta, Vaderapura, Ramasandra, Doddathoguru, Kannur, Chikkagubbi, Doddagubbi, Guddadahalli, Kodigehalli, Totadaguddadahalli, Srikantapura Anchepalya, Hunasamaranahalli, Chikkabidara.

Understanding Bangalore demography for population-based on Language And religion 

  • Language

Kannada is the official language of Bangalore and English is the most commonly or widely used language in Bangalore. Kannada is spoken by 46% of its population while other regional languages such as Tamil, Telugu, Hindi, Malayalam, Marathi, Konkani, etc. are spoken as it is a cosmopolitan city that has a wide population of migrants from the other states of India. Apart from the Kannadigas, the Telugus and Tamilians share a long history in the capital city of Karnataka as most of them migrated to Bangalore in search of a better livelihood, standard of living, education, etc. 

Religious Ratio 

The population of Bangalore according to the recent census is provided in the table below:

ReligionPercentage population

Bangalore literacy rate and sex ratio

The male and female ratio of Bangalore has remained the same since 2001 and the ratio is 908 females to every 1000 males. The rural regions of Bangalore have a better female ratio as it stands at 945:1000. 

Bangalore literacy rate has increased by 6% from the past decade and is now the literacy rate in Bangalore is around 88.48%. Bangalore has also accounted for an increase in the literacy rate in women as the literacy rate has been increasing at the rate of 7% since 2001.

The current literacy rate in the Kannadiga female population is 84.8%. The rate of male literacy has also increased by 4% and the present literacy rate of men in Bangalore is around 91.82%.  

Bottom line

Bangalore is one of the topmost cities of India. It is known for its commercial and educational institutions and attracts a large number of migrants from around India. Most of its professional population wishes to settle in Bangalore with their families as it offers better living standards, security, educational and healthcare facilities along with better employment opportunities. Bangalore is also called by names such as ‘The Silicon Valley of India’, ‘The IT Capital of India’, or ‘The Startup Capital’. Bangalore is mostly a Hindu city, however, Christians, Muslims, Jains, and Sikhs co-exist peacefully despite the difference in their beliefs. The present Bangalore population is 13.6 million, with Bangalore city population density being 19,193 people per square kilometer.

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Frequently Asked Questions on Bangalore Demographics:

Q1. What is the population of Bangalore?

The population of Bangalore in 2023 is 18,065,540. It is the fifth most populated urban agglomeration and the third most populated city in all of India. Half of Bangalore’s population is a migrant population who has shifted to Bangalore with the hope of better job opportunities.

Q2. Is Bangalore a megacity?

The term megacity can be defined as a large city that has more than 10 Million population. With this definition of the term megacity, it is clear that Bangalore is a megacity as it houses around 18,065,540  people in 2023.

Q3. What is the main religion in Bangalore?

The most commonly practiced religion in Bangalore is Hinduism. However, people who belong to Christianity, Islam, Jainism, and Sikhism co-exist peacefully in Bangalore.

Q4. Is Bangalore costly?

Bangalore is one of the most expensive cities to live in. The cost of living in Bangalore depends on your lifestyle and budget. The decent lifestyle of Bangalore requires around 15-20K per month including your rent, electricity, and other expenses. Students and bachelors may require 10-15K per month to cover their expenses in a 1BHK as well. 

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