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      Different Types of Real Estate Collateral You Need to Understand Before Investing

      • 5 min read
      • Last Modified Date: January 25, 2023
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      There’s a lot of confusion as to understanding what will be the Real Estate Collateral?

      Though physical assets back real estate investments, it is essential to understand what exactly will be the collateral. Real estate assets are typically huge, and you should get a clear picture of whether a small part of it is the collateral or the genuine support, in case of investments.

      Between this plethora of doubts, it is significant to know, at first, what does Real Estate Collateral mean? How far will it provide security to the real estate investors, in case of any unlikely default of the developers or any such related events?

      Thus, looking at the concern of the investors, I decided to explain the types of collateral that exist in real estate that can provide financial help in case of unlikely defaults.

      What is Real Estate Collateral?

      Usually, Real Estate is seen as the most prominent and commonly collateral while investing in the real estate market. Going a step further, property ownership can be one of the best Real Estate Collateral attached to your investments. This means that in case of default, the investor can seize the property corresponding to the value of the investment, sell it and can recoup the invested capital. 

      The property in place includes land or buildings, factories, and warehouses to shopping malls and alike. Such collateral is usually a very safe option as the properties tend to come with a high value and low depreciation, pretty much guaranteeing the payback. 

      Types of Real Estate Collateral 

      Mortgage Note on Property

      Mortgage notes should not be confused with mortgage loans. It is generally centred at the land register using the file of secured real properties. Mortgage notes can be either in the nominative or in bearer form. For an investor, a mortgage on a property means he/she has a mortgage in the first lien position to the associated property. 

      Initially, in the event of a defaulter, the associated collateral will get liquidated. Here, the investors with the first lien play a significant priority over investors who have a lower debt stack such as preferred or equity debt. These investors are the first to receive any proceeds from the sale of the associated property

      Allotment of Lease and Charge in Property

      It is often termed as the ‘Bills of annuity’. It is a kind of document that entitles the originator of the portfolio to the income generated against the lease or rent of the associated property in case the owner goes in default. Only the rural buildings, dwelling houses, and building plots can be burdened. 

      For example, if the property is an office building that the developer has attached as collateral to the investor and has been used by a tenant who is actively paying the rents, such income from the property will be entitled to the investor if the other said party defaults. 

      Having a right to the property can generate a positive and regular cash flow which will thereby help in maintaining standard debt service such as monthly interest to the investors. In the event when the portfolio is to be liquidated, this type of collateral can serve a short-term income to investors in the way of interest payments. In contrast, the remaining property can be liquidated to recoup with the principal amount.

      Security Interest on the Assets

      A security interest is a type of collateral that can be held as a legal claim on all the assets held as premises. For example, suppose the builder has attached assets like construction equipment, fixtures, etc. which are held either as premises on the property. In that case, such can be used by the investor against defaults of the party above.

      Later, this can be reprocessed by the investors if the payments fall short. It gives a right to the investors to use the builder’s assets and sell the reprocessed items to meet any unlikely defaults in payment. 

      Attachment of Personal Guarantee

      Beyond, adding collateral of leases, security interest on the said property, the builders of real estate can themselves act as a personal guarantee against the investment made by the investor. The real estate companies can leverage their personal net worth and assets to serve as a personal guarantee for forming collateral. 

      This will, as a result, act as a legally binding promise eventually, between the investor and the builder of the said company stipulating that the investor will be entitled to the property of the builder, so attached or the property of any related party. The investors will be given a right to use personal assets if the payment ceases.

      Personal guarantee generally adds a level of accountability. It gives the investors confidence that the builders of the real estate companies are capable of servicing and meeting off their loans adequately.

      The Final Epilogue

      In summing up, the concept of collateral can be used to make your real estate investment secure to a great extent. Understanding the assigning of collateral can make the investment enthusiasts diversify their portfolio. 

      They can also consider this as an investment strategy to variegate their risk and benefit despite the worst times in the market. It can act as an ultimate guide for a stable income-generating investment option.

      Are you interested in owning a high-yielding real estate property? Indeed, reach out to a smart crowdfunding platform, Assetmonk, that offers the best properties in the top cities with an expected IRR of 21%.

      Real Esatate Collateral FAQ's:

      The term collateral can be referred to as an asset that a lender accepts as security for a loan. Collaterals are of various types. Real estate collateral means the assignment of one’s home or land for a loan.

      Types of real estate are- Mortgage note, Allotment of lease and charge in property, Security interest on assets, and Attachment of personal guarantee.

      The most advantage of Real Estate Collateral is that it adds long-term value appreciation to the assets. 

      It is generally centred at the land register using the file of secured real properties. For an investor, a mortgage on a property means he/she has a mortgage in the first lien position to the associated property. Initially, in the event of a defaulter, the associated collateral will get liquidated. 

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